The massive perennial failures in the West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) have been repeated as 193,882 candidates, representing 61.67% of all candidates who sat for the examinations, failed to obtain the minimum pass mark in the core three subjects required for admission into universities in the country.
This means that out of the 315,621 candidates who sat for examinations, 120,519, representing 38.33%, obtained A1 – C6However, the performance of candidates who obtained grades A1-C6 in Mathematics and English Language dropped by 4.4% and 7.27% respectively when compared with the 2017 results. Candidates had to obtain A1-C6 in three core subjects; namely, Mathematics, Integrated Science, and English Language, to be considered for admission into universities in Ghana.
It is important to note that the cut-off point for admission requirements of universities in the country is grade C6.
A1-C6 in 3 core subjects
Provisional results released by the West Africa Examination Council (WAEC) Ghana reveal the number of candidates who obtained grades A1 to C6 in the three core subjects: English Language – 147,232, representing 46.79%; Mathematics – 120,519, representing 38.33%; and Integrated Science – 158,691, a score of 50.52%.
Failure to obtain A1-C6 in 3 core subjects
The number of candidates who failed to obtain grades A1 to C6 in the three core subjects: Mathematics – 193,882, which represents 61.67%; Integrated Science – 155,436, representing 49.48%; and English Language – 167,404, which also represents 53.21%.
D7-E8 in English, Maths, Science
The provisional results indicate that 99,402 (31%) obtained D7-E8 in the English Language, 94,607 (30.09%) obtained D7-E8 in Mathematics, and 109,069 (34.72%) obtained D7-E8 in Integrated Science.
F9 in English, Maths, Science
According to the results, 68,002, representing 21.61%, had F9 in English Language; 99,275 (31.58%), obtained F9 in Mathematics; and 46,367, representing 14.76%, had F9 in Integrated Science.
Social Studies grades
The grades obtained by candidates in Social Studies were A1 to C6 – 230,141 (73.27%), and D7 to E8 – 46,464 (14.79%) while 37,494 (11.94%) obtained F9.
21.02% improvement for A1-C6 in Social Studies
A statement signed by Mrs. Agnes Teye-Cudjoe, the Head of Public Affairs of WAEC Ghana, said based on the provisional results, the A1-C6 performance in Social Studies showed a 21.02% improvement over that of 2017, with 52.25% to 73.27%.
6.86% improvement for A1-C6 in Integrated Science
Integrated Science recorded a slight improvement of 6.86%, rising from 43.66% last year to 50.52% in 2018.
4.4% drop in Mathematics for A1-C6
On the contrary, Mathematics recorded a 4.4% drop in performance from 42.73% last year to 38.33% this year.
7.27% drop in English Language for A1-C6
Similarly, there was a 7.27% drop in the performance in English Language from 54.06% last year to 46.79 in 2018.
316,999 Candidates registered for WASSCE
A total of 316,999 candidates entered for the examination, which is 9.6% higher than the 2017 candidature of 289,207.
158,449 Females and 158,550 males
The 2018 entry figure was 158,449 females, representing 49.98%, and 158,550 males, representing 50.02%.
1,378 Registered but did not write WASSCE
The statement said a total of 1,378, signifying 0.43% of the candidates who registered, were absent from the examination.
26,434 Results withheld
It said the entire results of 26,434 candidates have been withheld pending the conclusion of investigations into various cases of examination malpractice detected during and after the conduct of the examination.
The statement said the withheld results would be canceled if the candidates were found culpable, or released if otherwise.
The examination was conducted for 946 participating schools.
It said the council would dispatch the results to the schools, and candidates are advised to contact their heads of school for their results.
Results posted online
The statement said the council had posted the results online and candidates who so desire may access their results at the council’s website.
The statement said the council is alerting members of the public, especially candidates, to be wary of anyone who promises to change examination results for a fee.
It said candidates are to note that all WAEC results are well secured and can be authenticated, and people with forged results would be exposed.
It expressed its deepest appreciation to all stakeholders, especially the Ministry of Education, Ghana Education Service (GES), supervisors, invigilators, the Ghana Police Service, examiners and all who in various ways helped in the successful conduct of the examination and the timeous release of results.
WASSCE grades D7 and E8 under review
Meanwhile, the Ministry of Education has directed the National Council for Tertiary Education (NCTE) to review its stance on D7 and E8 and submit a report about the possibility of getting students with such grades admitted into universities.
Professor Kwesi Yankah, Minister of State in charge of Tertiary Education, who disclosed this, bemoaned that many students could not pursue their academic ambitions and had become street hawkers due to the stance on credit passes in Mathematics and Science.
“Take the example of a candidate with D7 or E8 who has not failed in Mathematics and Science anyway seeking to go to the university to do history, or a subject in humanities and social sciences that will need little mathematics,” he said.
“Let us encourage those who are aiming at mathematical sciences or engineering and insist that they get credit passes before they move on. But let us not insist on credit for those whose future studies have very little to do with mathematics,” he added.
He said the government was also reforming the structure and content of the educational system from merely passing an examination to building capacity and nurturing values to raise literates who would be confident to engage citizens and could think critically to solve problems.
“People must be equipped with the necessary skills and attitudes that will enable them to compete with the best in the world. The government believes that all the hopes of Ghanaians for a brighter future will not be successful unless the country is able to resolve its education crisis,” he stated. in all the three core subjects.
The performance of candidates who obtained grades A1-C6 in Integrated Science and Social Studies recorded 6.86 and 21.02 improvements respectively, compared to 2017.