The US State Department has spelt out a campaign of “maximum economic and diplomatic pressure” to drive Iran towards negotiating a “better” deal to replace the Iran nuclear deal.
State Department Director of Policy Planning Brian Hook told reporters on Monday that Iran is not a “normal” country and must meet 12 demands in order to be relieved of US sanctions.
“Normal countries don’t terrorize other nations, proliferate missiles and impoverish their own people,” Hook said.
“This new strategy is not about changing the regime, it is about changing the behaviour of the leadership in Iran to comport with what the Iranian people really want them to do,” he said.
The State Department said new sanctions, which it described as “snap back” sanctions, will begin on August 4, targeting Iran’s automotive sector and its trade in gold and other key metals.
The second set of sanctions will snap back on November 6. This set will target Iran’s energy sector, focusing on petroleum-related transactions, plus transactions with the central bank of Iran.
The move comes two months after US President Donald Trump announced US withdrawal from the Iran nuclear deal.
US officials called on countries to cut all imports of Iranian oil when it re-imposes sanctions on Tehran.
It called on allies in Europe, Asia and the Middle East to adhere to the sanctions with the aim of pressuring Iran into negotiating a new agreement.
Hook said he planned to meet with European allies Britain, France and Germany at the end of the week to discuss Iran. He also said he and senior Treasury Department officials would visit Gulf states “in the coming days.”
Hook told reporters that the goal of the United States was to get as many countries as possible down to zero Iranian oil imports.
“Our goal is to increase pressure on the Iranian regime by reducing to zero its revenue on crude oil sales,” Hook said.
“We are working to minimize disruptions to the global market but we are confident there is sufficient global spare oil capacity.”
Hook said more than 50 international firms have already announced their intention to leave the Iranian market, especially in the energy and financial sectors.
“We have been clear with countries and companies around the world that we are bringing severe economic pressure on Iran until the regime changes its destabilizing policies,” Hook said.
Saudi Arabia’s King Salman promised Trump at the weekend that he would raise oil production if needed and that the country has 2 million barrels per day of spare capacity to boost output, the White House said.
In a tweet on Saturday, Trump said the extra Saudi oil would help offset a decline in supply from Iran.
He was not specific on whether the additional two million barrels was a per-day figure – but worldwide daily demand is nearing 100 million bpd.